Pioneers of Interference Network Research

Inspired by Karl Pribram's holonomy Walter Freeman 1972 had the inspiration to draw a neural field with probability waves*. We used the chance to talk about discrete, non-linear wave fields and holonomy in Wildbad Kreuth/Bavaria 2007

* Freeman, Walter J.: Waves, Pulses, and the Theory of Neural Masses. Journal PROGRESS IN THEORETICAL BIOLOGY, VOL. 2, 1972, Academic Press Inc.


Mosche Abeles was so kind to give audience to talk about his synfire chains as archetypes of interference nets in Rehovot/Israel 2005


Shun-Ichi Amari in Berlin 2000 and in Stirling/Scotland 2004 was open to discussions of interferencial predictions for his cognitive networks - a possibility to reach advance in the recognition of the function of nerve nets.


This is the man, who made 1995 one of the most important and direction-giving discoveries in Neuro-Science. The Packard Glacier in Antarctica is named for him. He found excitation waves - characterizing probability waves or interference nets - on the skin of squids (octopus). We meet us at a conference at the isle of Ischia 1998 and became friends. Find Andrews genious wave field films here. Contact him for details.


While I wrote 1993 the book "Neuronale Interferenzen", Mazakazu (Mark) Konishi brought an interference network for sound localization to widest audience. The circuit was a simplified version basing on the findings of his teacher Lloyd A. Jeffress. We had interesting discussions. Read an introduction about his and Lloyds findings here.


Interference nets do not need any artifical background to be holistic. As a student and co-worker for the rat experiments of Karl Spencer Lashley, Karl Pribram had special interest in the new field of holography invented by Gabor. Pribram brought the idea of holonomy into neuroscience in the 1960s (applying holography onto inhomogeneous substrates (nerve nets). Later I called this approach the Interference Networks. He sent me Chapter 12 of his paper "Brain and Mathematics". It is impressing, which genious imagination Karl Spencer Lashley had in the late 1940th about nerves and interference. Donald Hebb played an important rule in this game. Find the amazing story at page 3 in this paper.


The pioneer of acoustic mapping, John Billingsley, was one of the first, who used microphone arrays. He told me about his 'Acoustic Telescope' a nice story.


Hans-Heinrich Bothe was the person, who encouraged me to proceed with research and publications about interference networks without of any grants. Together with Jenny Ryffel he organized the last large neuro-conferences. I hold lectures at his conferences in Cuba, Australia and Berlin. Hiking in the Südtiroler Alpen, Hans died 2013 much to early. We will never forget him.


The first demonstration for the specific behaviour of interference networks were acoustic images. And she was the person, who developed the software for the worlds first acoustic images and movies. Together we tried to understand what we are doing. Sabine Höfs (geb. Schwanitz) worked from 1993 to 1997 at GFaI. Now she is a successful businesswoman. Find details about her software PSI-Tools here. The later medial interest in these findings was surprising.
I think, today several hundred persons found acoustic imaging jobs for their living in dozens of companies worlwide: they all should be grateful to her, she opened the door of acoustic photo- and cinematography.






If you ask, which relation exsists between acoustic camera, holography, synfire chains, waves on squids and probability waves - have a look on the historical pages. Have fun!





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